Sacroiliac Joint Disease
Sacroiliac Joint Disease or Sacroiliitis is an inflammation of one or both Sacroiliac joints. The inflammation causes SI Joint pain, which radiates in the back and extends down to the legs.
Causes of Sacroiliac Joint Disease
It can be caused by Sacroiliac SI Joint dysfunction, but the primary Sacroiliac Joint Disease causes are systematic arthritic conditions like ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and Reiter’s syndrome, etc. At the time, spinal stenosis, spine or brain tumors, or Ruggers-Jersey Spine may compress nerves, which can cause inflammation in the Sacroiliac joints.
Symptoms of Sacroiliac Joint Disease
The most common symptoms associated with SI Joint Disease are:
- Pain in the back, lower back, and buttocks that may extend to the groin, legs, and even feet.
- Inability to stand or walk for prolonged time.
- Stiffness in the spine and hips.
- If the Sacroiliitis is caused by a compressed nerve, the patient may also experience neck pain.
Treatment of Sacroiliac Joint Disease
Spinal surgeons diagnose Sacroiliac Joint Disease through a physical exam, X-ray or MRI. The diagnosis will also reveal Sacroiliac Joint Disease stages, after which conservative or surgical treatment options will be prescribed.
The treatment for Sacroiliitis also depends on the underlying cause; your doctor will prescribe you a treatment that causes the underlying cause causing Sacroiliitis.
The non-surgical treatment options include pain medication, muscle relaxants, TNF Inhibitors, physical therapy, and Corticosteroid injections. If the symptoms continue to worsen, your spine surgeon may recommend minimally invasive spine surgery options like Radiofrequency denervation, electrical stimulation, and SI joint fusion surgery.
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How Long Does it Take for Sacroiliac Joint Pain to Go Away?
- This joint disease usually occurs suddenly and takes a period of several days or weeks to get completely healed.
- In the case of acute sacroiliac joint disease, the duration may prolong for a period of three months.
Can Sacroiliac Joint Pain Be Cured?
- Yes, it can be managed through effective non-surgical treatment options.
- Rest is the best treatment you can adopt to heal sacroiliac joint pain.
What Is the Best Treatment for Sacroiliac Joint Pain?
Some of the most important measures you can take to treat sacroiliac joint pain include:
- Your specialist may prescribe pain medications to relieve sacroiliac joint pain symptoms.
- You should wear braces to reduce the mobility of the joint. Wearing braces can be helpful in fastening the recovery process.
- Your specialist may prescribe sacroiliac joint injections to reduce pain and inflammation.
- In some cases, minimally-invasive surgery is recommended.