It refers to a common medical condition in which the hands or feet’ nails may get affected. Such nail infections usually start as a yellow or white spot right under the tip of your toenail or fingernail. It can affect more than one nail.
Causes of Fungal infection in Nails
These infections are caused by the overgrowth of fungi in or on the nail. Fungi thrive well in moist, warm environments, so, naturally, they overpopulate. The fungi that cause jock’s itch, athlete’s foot, and ringworm can cause such infections. Coming in contact with someone who has an infection may also result in spreading the disease.
Some of the most common risk factors associated with the development of these infections in the nails may include:
- Diabetic patients are more prone to such infections.
- Poor circulation as a result of a disease.
- Over 65 years of age.
- Use of artificial nails.
- Use of public swimming pools.
- Nail injury.
- Skin injury around the nail.
- Fingers and toes stay moist for an extended period.
- Compromised or weakened immune system.
- Excessive use of tennis shoes or boots.
These infections are more common in men as compared to women. If you have a family member with this infection, you are more likely to develop one.
Symptoms of Fungal Infection in Nails
It may affect several nails, one entire nail, or part of a single nail. Below are some visible signs associated with these infections:
- Subungual hyperkeratosis, which is scaling under the nail.
- Lateral onychomycosis, white or yellow streaks on the nail.
- Distal onychomycosis, crumbling corner, or tip of the nail.
- Flaking of the white areas on the nail’s surface may also include pits in the nail.
- Proximal onychomycosis, the appearance of yellow spots at the bottom of the nail.
- Complete nail damage.
- Deformed nail that might lift off from the nail bed.
- A foul odor originating from the infected nail.
- A thickened or brittle nail.
Treatment of Fungal Infection in Nails
Over-the-counter ointments and creams are often used for treatment. However, the symptoms seem to subside; the infection often returns once the fungi are favorable. Other treatment modalities include:
Medicated nail polish – the doctor may also prescribe an antifungal nail polish called ciclopirox. It is applied to the affected nail and around it on the skin one day. You may need to use this type of nail polish for up to a year.
Medicated nail cream – the doctor may prescribe an antifungal cream. It is rubbed thoroughly on the infected nail after soaking the nail.
Surgery for Fungal Nail Infection
In some cases, the doctor might suggest removal of the nail temporarily so that antifungal drugs can be applied directly to the infection under the nail. Some conditions in nails don’t respond to medicines. The specialist might suggest a permanent nail removal if there is a severe infection causing chronic pain.
Call us today to schedule an appointment with our expert orthopedic surgeons for best-suited fungal nails treatment options.
What Is Any Fungal Infection of the Nails Called?
- This type of infection is known as onychomycosis.
- These infections are more prevalent in men as compared to women.
How to Treat Fungal Nails?
- In the early stages of the nail infection, you can get rid of it by yourself.
- But, as it can become worse with time, proper treatment should be taken for it.
What Kills Nail Fungus Fast?
- Generous and constant antifungal cream may help clear most cases of these infections.
- Your specialist may prescribe anti-fungal drugs to cure the infected part.
Does Nail Fungus Hurt?
- At an earlier stage, the fungal nails do not cause any pain.
- The fungus thrives and causes pain in cases where the toes are subjected to warm or damp conditions.