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Varicose Veins
Varicose Veins is a vein vascular condition in which the veins of the body become enlarged, swollen, and twisted. The veins are so swollen and knotted that they can be visibly seen under the skin; they get often blue or purple in color. The veins in the legs are more susceptible to this condition.

Varicose Veins Causes
The human circulatory system is a complex network of veins and arteries. Arteries carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the rest of the body, whereas veins carry deoxygenated blood from different body parts to the heart. Veins have one-way valves which cause the blood to flow towards the heart. This exerts pressure on the veins as they are pushing the blood away from the pull of gravity. The veins’ valves can get weak because of chronic venous insufficiency, which can result in venous reflux. If the veins’ valves get weakened over time then blood stops flowing towards the heart and pools in the veins. This causes swelling in the veins, which leads to the outset of varicose veins.

Varicose Vein Symptoms
Common symptoms of varicose veins include:

  • Swollen, enlarged, and knotted veins that bulge out from under the skin.
  • Heaviness in legs.
  • Legs and ankles are swollen and may become painful.
  • Aching in legs while sitting or standing.
  • People who have Varicose Veins are more susceptible to restless leg syndrome.
  • White patches appear around the ankles.
  • The skin around the Varicose Vein becomes dry and irritated.


Varicose Veins Treatment
It is important to treat Varicose Veins in time; delay in treatment can lead to complications. Numerous treatment options are available to treat varicose veins for long term relief:

  1.  Vein Stripping
  2. Sclerotherapy
  3. Radiofrequency ablation
  4. Endovenous laser treatment
  5. Ambulatory Phlebectomy

These are minimally-invasive procedures with high success rates.

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What Causes Varicose Veins in Legs and Feet?

Varicose Veins are caused when the valves inside veins stop working properly.

  • Our veins carry blood towards the heart; each vein has multiple valves inside them, which prevent the blood from flowing in the wrong direction.
  • When the valves are damaged, they are unable to stop the blood from flowing backward and pooling inside the vein.
  • When blood pools inside the vein, it causes the veins to become swollen and enlarged. The swollen veins bulge out, and you can feel and see them from the surface of the skin.

How to Prevent Varicose Veins in Pregnancy?

During pregnancy, the uterus expands to accommodate the baby. The expansion puts pressure on many organs, including the veins of the body. Pressure causes the vein valves to malfunction, which causes blood to pool inside the veins. In most cases, varicose veins disappear after childbirth, but in some cases, they may continue post-partum. It is possible to avoid Varicose Veins by following the recommended steps. However, remember that sometimes, varicose veins may still appear despite precautions.

  • Exercise regularly.
  • Maintain a healthy weight and diet (consult your doctor and nutritionist for pregnancy diet).
  • Do not sit or stand in one position for too long.
  • Get a massage to increase blood circulation.

What do Varicose Veins Look Like?

  • Varicose Veins are bluish-purple in color; they are large and swollen veins that often appear as knotted ropes.
  • They bulge out from under the skin, and you can feel a protrusion when you touch the surface of your skin.
  • They are most likely to appear on your legs but can also appear on feet, shoulder, arms, and other parts of the body.

How Much Does It Cost to Fix Varicose Veins?

  • The cost of treatment depends on the type of treatment; laser treatments are more expensive whereas radiofrequency ablations and sclerotherapy may be less expensive.
  • On average, the cost of the treatment varies from $500 to $3000.
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