Sacroiliac Joint Disease
About Sacroiliac Joint Disease
Sacroiliac SI joints connect the spine to the pelvis, provide support to the spine and the upper body, act as shock absorbers and enable you to stand erect.
Sacroiliac Joint Disease or Sacroiliitis is an inflammation of one or both Sacroiliac joints. The inflammation causes SI Joint pain, which radiates in the back and extends down to the legs.
It can be caused by Sacroiliac SI Joint dysfunction, but the primary Sacroiliac Joint Disease causes are systematic arthritic conditions like ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and Reiter’s syndrome, etc. At time, spinal stenosis, spine or brain tumors, or Ruggers-Jersey Spine may compress nerves, which can cause inflammation in the Sacroiliac joints.
Sacroiliac Joint Disease is hard to diagnose; it is easy to confuse with spinal arthritis. It is commonly treated with conservative treatment options, but minimally invasive surgery is recommended in severe cases.
The most common symptoms of SI Joint Disease are:
- Pain in the back, lower back, and buttocks which may extend to the groin, legs, and even feet.
- Inability to stand or walk for prolonged time periods.
- Stiffness in the spine and hips.
- If the Sacroiliitis is caused by a compressed nerve, the patient may also experience neck pain.
Spinal surgeons diagnose Sacroiliac Joint Disease through a physical exam, X-ray, and an MRI. The diagnosis will also reveal Sacroiliac Joint Disease stages after which conservative or surgical treatment options will be prescribed.
The treatment for Sacroiliitis also depends on the underlying cause; your doctor will prescribe you a treatment which causes the underlying cause causing Sacroiliitis.
The non-surgical treatment options include pain medication, muscle relaxants, TNF Inhibitors, physical therapy, and Corticosteroid injections. If the symptoms continue to worsen, your spine surgeon may recommend minimally invasive spine surgery options like Radiofrequency denervation, electrical stimulation, and SI joint fusion surgery.
Complete Medical Wellness has a state-of-the-art medical facility which houses board-certified spinal surgeons acknowledged for successful Neuro Spine Surgery in NJ. Our facility provides open, endoscopic, and laser surgical options for advanced surgeries like Laminotomy, Microdiscectomy, and Sacroiliac surgery in NJ.