Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction

About Sacroiliac Joint Disease

The Sacroiliac SI joints are two joints located on the lower back, on each side of the spine. They connect the upper body to the lower and provide support to the spine. The joints are reinforced by strong ligaments which provide support and stability.

The Sacroiliac joints can become painful and inflamed, resulting in Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction. The primary source of inflammation is Hypermobility or Hypomobility. Hypermobility signifies an excess of movement whereas Hypomobility signifies too little movement of the Sacroiliac Joint SIJ.

The increase or decrease of movement in the SI Joint is commonly associated to underlying Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction causes such as an infection, spinal arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, pregnancy, intense exercise, and spinal or pelvic injury.

Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction is most common in women and teenagers. It is treated with surgical and nonsurgical treatment options.

Symptoms

SI Joint Pain because of Hypermobility causes the pelvis to feel unstable and leads to pain. Commonly, the source of pain is the lower back and/or hip. Pain may radiate into the groin area.

Sacroiliac Joint Pain because of Hypomobility causes muscle tension, pain, and may inhibit mobility. Common symptoms are pain in the lower back, buttocks, and leg.

Individuals with conditions compressing nerve roots may experience neck pain alongside other symptoms.

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Treatments

To arrive at a diagnosis and treatment plan, the doctor will collaborate with spine specialists or a spine surgeon for a systematic review of the condition. After the correct diagnosis, the doctor will recommend conservative treatment options according to the progression of the condition and the Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction stages. Initially, Pain Medication, Physical Therapy, Chiropractic Treatment, Steroid injections, and Nerve Treatment is recommended.

If these treatment options fail to give pain relief, and the condition continues to worsen, then minimally invasive spine surgery is suggested. Spinal fusion surgery is effective in most cases.

 

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