ACL & PCL Knee Injury Treatments in NJ
ACL stands for Anterior Cruciate Ligament and is one the most critical ligaments in our knee. ACL knee stabilizes the knee by providing bridging and support between the thigh bone and the shin bone.
What is the ACL in the Knee?
The ACL knee refers to the injury sustained by the ligaments in the knee. ACL knee injury is excruciating and dramatically reduces our knee’ range of motion.
There can be many causes leading to an ACL knee injury, most commonly, it is likely to occur during sports and fitness activities.
- A direct blow to the knee.
- Improper landing during a jump.
- Rapidly slowing down and changing your direction.
- A loud ‘pop’ sound from the knee during high-intensity physical activities.
- Sudden severe pain in the knee.
- Immediate loss of range of motion.
- Rapid swelling of the knee.
If these symptoms are experienced, it is likely that an ACL knee injury as occurred, and immediate care is strongly advised.
Treatment of ACL knee injury
The torn ACL in the knee is primarily managed by conservative treatment options including:
- Rest: The patient is advised to take rest and take a break from physical activities to encourage the body to heal the torn ACL in the knee.
- Ice: Application of ice packs is recommended on the affected knee after every two hours for twenty minutes.
- Compression: An elastic bandage is warped around the knee to provide compression.
- Elevation: the effected knee is elevated using pillows.
ACL Knee Surgery
If the conservative treatments do not bear fruit, it is recommended to undergo an ACL injury Surgery.
- During the surgery the surgeon removes the broken ligament and replaces it with a section of a tendon – which is a tissue similar to the ligament. This replacement is known as a graft.
- The surgeon may use the tendon from another part of your knee or from a deceased donor.
- Knee brace after ACL surgery is used to minimize movement and stress on the knee and maximize healing.
The PCL stands for Posterior Cruciate Ligament, just like the ACL, the PCL is also an important ligament in the knee. The PCL is a lot larger and stronger than the ACL but is still susceptible to injury.
PCL Knee Injury
PCL tears can cause mild to severe damage to the knee; in severe cases, the ligament can also break free a piece of the bone with it.
- The severity of the impact on the knee determines the level of PCL knee injury.
Most patients don’t hear or feel a ‘popping’ sound or sensation in the knee when a PCL injury occurs.
PCL injuries often lead patients to think that they have a minor knee problem, however, after some time, severe symptoms manifest:
- Mild to severe swelling in the knee.
- Free sensation in the knee (the knee feels loose).
- Trouble walking and standing.
PCL Knee Surgery
After conservative treatments have failed, PCL knee surgery is recommended.
PCL knee surgery is advised to patients who have:
- Injuries in which pieces of the bone have become loose.
- Multi ligament injuries.
A PCL knee surgery is successfully completed by grafting the torn ligament with a tendon from the knee or a donor.
PCL Knee Surgery recovery time
Minimally invasive arthroscopic surgeries are mostly used, however, if the damage is more (usually a loose bone piece), open surgery is advised
After successful surgery, the time to complete recovery, including rehabilitation ranges from 26 to 52 weeks.
Call us today to receive comprehensive orthopedic knee treatments in NJ.