Fracture Bracing/ Casting
About Fracture Bracing/ Casting
A bone fracture is a medical condition in which the continuity of a bone is broken from damage or injury. Most fractures occur because of injury to the bone; however, some are caused by medical conditions which weaken bones. Fracture treatment differs according to the severity and type of fracture. Nevertheless, casting and bracing is one of the most common nonsurgical treatment for broken bones.
A cast or brace holds the bone in position by restricting mobility to aid the natural process of healing. A cast or brace is worn until the bone heals completely. Surgeons follow the relevant treatment protocol, such as humeral head fracture treatment protocol to ensure complete recovery.
Who Needs It?
Individuals who have fractured bones can benefit from casting and bracing. They may experience the following symptoms:
- Intense pain
- Limited range of motion in the affected area
- Inability to put weight on the affected area
- Bruising and discoloration
- The bone may be bent at an unnatural angle
- Bleeding in case of open fracture which breaks soft tissues
- The patient may feel dizzy and nauseous
Casting and bracing without the assistance of surgery is most common for fractures of the Humerus like Mid-shaft humeral fracture, Proximal humeral fracture, and Distal humeral fracture, etc. Apart from Humerus fracture, casting is suitable for fractures of the leg and pelvis.
How is it Performed?
The aim of fracture treatment is to ensure the best possible function of the broken bone after healing. Doctors thoroughly examine the affected area and interview the patient. They order an X-ray to obtain visuals of the broken bone. In some cases, a CT or MRI is also administered.
Once the type and severity of the fracture are determined, the doctor diagnoses the fracture and recommends treatment. If casting and bracing is the optimal treatment, the broken bone is realigned under general anesthesia. The realignment of the bone is called reducing the fracture, it is done through manipulation, closed reduction or open reduction and internal fixation.
After reduction, the bone is immobilized with a cast and brace to ensure that bone fragments remain aligned. Surgical treatment is recommended if the fracture is severe. Shoulder joint fractures which cause severe shoulder pain may require surgery.
Generally, a cast is administered for 2-8 weeks. The broken bone heals itself by forming a callus which grafts the broken bone. A patient’s age, type of fracture, general health conditions, and lifestyle habits determine how quickly the bone heals. Elderly patients take longer to heal. Physical therapy is recommended to restore muscle strength after the bone has healed.
Complete Medical Wellness provides effective fracture treatments like humeral fracture treatment, humeral fracture brace, and treatments for leg and pelvis fractures.