Varicose Veins Conditions

Veins can swell with excess blood when they fail to circulate the blood properly. These visible and bulging veins, called varicose veins, are often associated with symptoms such as tired, heavy, or aching limbs (arms and legs). In severe cases, varicose veins can rupture, or open sores (called “ulcers”) can form on the skin. Varicose veins are bulging, enlarged, usually 3-mm or larger superficial veins that can be felt under the skin. The most common places for varicose veins are inside of calf and thigh. This occurs due to loss of valve function and weakness of the vein. Due to gravity pressure, these veins start to enlarge and with time they become more twisted, elongated and thickened. Symptoms If you are suffering from the following problems in your legs, you should consider visiting a vascular specialist:

  • Heavy or painful feeling in the legs
  • Muscle cramps and swelling in the legs with burning feeling
  • Increased pain after being in a position i.e. standing and sitting for a long time
  • Bleeding from varicose veins
  • Itchy feeling around veins
  • Red discoloration of the skin with a painful cord in the vein

Risk Factors

The following factors can increase your risk of developing varicose veins:

  • Age
  • Heredity
  • Gender
  • Obesity
  • Standing or sitting for long periods of time
  • Multiple pregnancies
  • Heavy lifting
  • Existing superficial or deep vein clots

High blood pressure and lack of physical activities can also contribute to developing varicose
veins.