Varicose Veins Procedures
When it comes to varicose veins, certain factors like age, heredity and gender cannot be mitigated but the development or progression of varicose veins can be delayed through self-care. This includes:
- Exercising, so blood flow can be kept normal
- Keeping blood pressure under control
- Loosing excess weight or maintaining normal body weight
- Not wearing tight clothes
- Temporarily relieving symptoms by lying down and elevating legs above level of heart
- Wearing medically prescribed compression stockings
- Routine visits to the doctor for diagnosis and advanced treatment if condition worsens
Advanced conditions of varicose veins may require one of the following treatments by a specialized doctor:
- Endovenous Ablation: Endovenous ablation is a treatment for closing the saphenous vein in the leg, which is typically the main superficial vein associated with varicose veins. This treatment can be performed with either laser or radiofrequency (RF) technology.
In this procedure, a thin catheter (flexible tube) is inserted into the vein through a tiny skin puncture, and the entire length of the vein is treated with laser or radiofrequency through the catheter, thus “injuring” the vein’s wall.This causes the veins to close and eventually turn into scar tissue.
- Foam sclerotherapy of large veins: The veins are injected with foam made from sclerosant solution which damages the internal lining of the vein and causes blood clotting within the vein. After some time the affected veins are destroyed and disappear.
- High ligation and vein stripping: Vein ligation and stripping is a minor surgery. It is used to remove a damaged vein and prevent complications of vein damage. An incision is made below the vein, a flexible instrument is threaded up the vein to the first incision, and the vein is grasped and removed.
- Ambulatory phlebectomy: It is an outpatient procedure to remove varicose veins through small, slit-like incisions in the skin.