The current outbreak of COVID-19 caused by the virus SARS-CoV-2 gives rise to several questions and concerns. It is adversely affecting people worldwide. Here in this blog, we will have a detailed discussion about the coronavirus infection, its history, types, and different ways of keeping yourself and your loved ones safe from this deadly virus.
- Coronavirus is a sphere-shaped, enveloped, single-stranded, positive-sense RNA genome virus. It is about 120mm in diameter, and it is classified as an infectious virus.
- Coronavirus causes respiratory infections and gastrointestinal infections in birds and mammals, including humans.
- The Washington Post reported that a new strain of coronavirus causes the coronavirus outbreak of 2020. It was first identified in the Wuhan City of China.
- Several studies suggest that humans caught the MERS virus from cats while the SARS was spread through contact with camels.
- In some cases, animals and birds act as carriers of coronaviruses, and humans get infected by any physical contact with them.
Coronavirus | Infection:
A name was given to a family of viruses that cause respiratory infections and gastrointestinal infections in birds and mammals, including humans. These viruses are responsible for infection in your nose, throat, sinuses, and respiratory tract. Most of these viruses are easily treatable, but some can cause severe illness, even death.
Coronavirus attacked humanity before; according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention reports that the Human Coronaviruses were first identified in the middle of the 1960s. Although the virus’s source remains unknown, it has cropped up after every few years to infect humans and animals alike. The name of the virus ‘corona’ is inspired by the crown-like structures surrounding its outer membrane. Although the name may suggest royalty, the virus does not act like one. It can cause severe repercussions for the infected hosts.
Coronavirus can infect anyone and of any age; people suffering from chronic diseases, especially respiratory diseases, are more likely to become severely ill from the infection.
COVID-19 spreads quickly in patients’ lungs and adversely affects them. Similarly, individuals with a weak immune system or immune deficiency syndromes may also find it hard to fight off coronavirus.
In recent years, two notable cases of coronavirus emerged, which have significantly affected the human population. The SARS CoV in 2003 and MERS CoV in 2012; both strains of the coronavirus proved deadly and claimed the lives of more than 1800 people. The Washington Post reported that the coronavirus outbreak of 2020 is caused by a new strain of coronavirus, which was first identified in Wuhan City of China. The outbreak follows the steps of its predecessors and has claimed the lives of at least 100 people. In order to protect yourself and your loved ones from getting infected by this deadly disease, it is better to know about the virus in detail.
Coronavirus | Biology
Coronavirus is a sphere-shaped, enveloped, single-stranded, positive-sense RNA genome virus. It is about 120mm in diameter, and it is classified as an infectious virus.
Notably, coronaviruses are enveloped; this means that the virus is wrapped or enclosed in an outer infectious membrane. This infected envelope comes from the infected cell or host in a biological process called budding off. In the process, newly formed virus cells automatically become wrapped in the infected host’s plasma membrane. This membrane keeps the virus alive while allowing it to infect others.
Coronavirus | Zoonotic Properties
Coronaviruses are contagious, specifically zoonotic, meaning that the virus spreads between animals and human beings. Zoonotic diseases are very common worldwide; every year, thousands of people are infected with the disease by coming into contact with their pets, farm animals, or going to the zoo. Research suggests that humans caught the MERS virus from cats while the SARS was spread through contact with camels. The 2019-nCoV is also Zoonotic; hence it is spreading like wildfire in China and the rest of the world.
How Is Coronavirus Transmitted?
You can catch coronavirus from an infected person, animal, or bird. The virus may transfer through physical contact; you may shake the hand of an already infected person due to coronavirus diseases, or you may catch it if you pet an infected animal. To stay safe, practice good hygienic behavior such as washing your hands, covering your mouth and nose when sneezing, using an alcohol-based sanitizer, and throwing away used tissues in a bin. Fever, dry cough, and headache are common symptoms of COVID-19. You should know about the coronavirus symptoms and take precautionary measures immediately after feeling any of this virus’s signs.
Coronavirus | Types
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses, but not all of them are dangerous. Some of them are dangerous to animals, while some are dangerous to human beings. In some cases, animals and birds act as carriers of coronaviruses that are harmful to humans. The animal may appear healthy and well, but it will be carrying the virus that will be critical for the human.
The most dangerous coronavirus for animals and humans are:
Coronavirus | Infection in Animals
Surprisingly, animal coronaviruses were first identified in the early 1970s, a decade after human coronaviruses. In Animals, coronaviruses cause gastrointestinal infections such as diarrhea. However, the virus causes respiratory tract infections like bronchitis in birds.
The most common types of animal Coronavirus are:
- Feline coronavirus– it infects cats and is associated with high mortality.
- Canine Coronavirus.
- Bovine coronavirus – it infects cows, bulls, and buffalos, etc.
- Porcine coronavirus – it infects pigs and other farm animals.
- Swine Acute Diarrhea Syndrome Coronavirus.
- Mouse Hepatitis Virus.
- Sialodacryoadenitis virus.
- Turkey Coronavirus.
- Ferret Systemic Coronavirus.
- Rabbit Enteric Coronavirus.
Apart from these, many other types of coronaviruses infect domestic animals, feline animals, and birds. Most of these viruses are not harmful to humans. However, some of them can be dangerous. Most importantly, animals and birds are carriers for human coronavirus.
Coronavirus | Infection in Humans
There are dozens of coronaviruses types, but only seven cause infectious diseases in human beings. Out of these, 7, 4 are categorized as common human coronaviruses that are easily treatable. These Coronaviruses may cause the common cold, infection in your nose, sinuses, or upper throat. However, they are not dangerous and can be treated easily.
The remaining three coronavirus strains are more dangerous to humans; they are:
- The Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV).
- Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS CoV).
- 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV).
All three diseases are viral respiratory infections in which patients developed features akin to common colds such as severe cough, fever, and shortness of breath. The SARS and MERS infections broke out in the Middle East and Asian countries in 2003 and 2012, respectively.
The New York Times and Washington Post reported that the MERS infection was first reported in Saudi Arabia in 2012, from where it spread to other countries, mostly in the middle east. The MERS virus has claimed the lives of almost 900 people since it began in 2012.
Similarly, the SARS infection was first identified in Asia in 2003. The Guardian revealed that the viral infection spread from person to person in more than two dozen countries in North America, South America, Europe, and Asia before the SARS global outbreak of 2003 was contained. 774 people died from SARS globally while thousands were infected.
Coronavirus vaccine is under-development as researchers and scientists are working on it. It is highly recommended to adopt precautionary measures and the government’s guidelines to keep yourself safe from this infection.
How Can We Help? – Complete Medical Wellness Is Ready to Serve Its Community
Are you or a loved one exhibiting cold-like symptoms? If yes, then don’t panic. Visit the nearest medical facility of Complete Medical Wellness for a thorough and complete medical examination. There are only five individual cases of the coronavirus in the USA, so the chances are that the symptoms you are experiencing are easily treatable.
However, it is better to be safe than sorry. Therefore, immediately schedule an appointment with the board-certified, experienced, and fellowship-trained medical specialists at Complete Medical Wellness.
At CMW, you will get the following services:
- A complete and thorough examination from the best medical specialists in NY and NJ.
- Telemedicine services during COVID-19 outbreak.
- A medical facility that is equipped to deal with coronavirus.
- In-house diagnostics and laboratory services that will have your test results in hours.
- Attentive patient care.
- Supportive staff.
At CMW, our doctors will provide WHO-approved guidelines to help you and your loved ones remain safe from this deadly virus.
Don’t wait – Your Life is precious. Call CMW to schedule an appointment today.