Coronavirus | Infection
Coronavirus | Infection: A name given to a large family of viruses that cause respiratory infections and gastrointestinal infections in birds and mammals, including humans. These viruses cause infection in your nose, throat, sinuses, and the respiratory tract. Most of these viruses are easily treatable, but some can cause severe illness, even death.
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention reports that the Human Coronaviruses were first identified in the middle of the 1960s. Although the source of the virus remains unknown, it has cropped up after every few years to infect humans and animals alike. The name of the virus ‘corona’ is inspired by the crown-like structures that surround its outer membrane. Although the name may suggest royalty, the virus does not act like one. It can cause serious repercussions for the infected hosts.
Coronavirus can infect anyone and of any age, although people who are suffering from chronic diseases, especially respiratory diseases, are more likely to become severely ill from the infection. Similarly, individuals with a weak immune system or immune deficiency syndromes may also find it hard to fight off Coronavirus.
In recent years, two notable cases of Coronavirus emerged, which have significantly affected the human population. The SARS CoV in 2003 and MERS CoV in 2012; both strains of the Coronavirus proved deadly and claimed the lives of more than 1800 people. The Washington Post reported that the coronavirus outbreak of 2020 is caused by a new strain of Coronavirus, which was first identified in Wuhan City of China. The outbreak is following in the steps of its predecessors and has claimed the life of at least 100 people. In order to protect yourself and loved from catching this deadly disease it better to know about the virus in detail.
Coronavirus | Biology
Coronavirus is a sphere-shaped, enveloped, single-stranded, positive-sense RNA genome virus. It is about 120 mm in diameter, and it is classified as an infectious virus.
Notably, coronaviruses are enveloped; this means that the virus is wrapped or enveloped in an outer infectious membrane. This infected envelope comes from the infected cell or host in a biological process called budding off. In the process, newly formed virus cells automatically become wrapped in the infected host’s plasma membrane. This membrane keeps the virus alive while also allowing it to infect others.
Coronavirus | Zoonotic Properties
Coronaviruses are contagious, specifically zoonotic, meaning that the virus spreads between animals and human beings.
Zoonotic diseases are very common worldwide; every year, tens of thousands of people are infected with the disease by coming into contact with their pets, farm animals, or simply going to the zoo. Research suggests that humans caught the MERS virus from cats while the SARS was spread through contact with camels. The 2019-nCoV is also Zoonotic; that is why it is spreading like wildfire in China and the rest of the world.
How is coronavirus transmitted?
You can catch Coronavirus from an infected person, animal, or bird. The virus may transfer to you through physical contact; you may shake the hand of a person who is ill from coronavirus diseases, or you may catch it if you pet an infected animal. To stay safe, simply practice good hygienic behavior such as washing your hands, covering your mouth and nose when sneezing, using an alcohol-based sanitizer, and throwing away used tissues in a bin.
Coronavirus | Types
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses, but not all of them are dangerous. Some of them are dangerous to animals, while some are dangerous to human beings. In some cases, animals and birds act as carriers of coronaviruses that are harmful to humans. The animal may appear healthy and well, but it will be carrying the virus that will be critical for the human.
The most dangerous Coronavirus for animals and humans are:
Coronavirus | Infection in Animals
Surprisingly, animal coronaviruses were first identified in the early 1970s, a decade after human coronaviruses. In Animals, coronaviruses cause gastrointestinal infections such as diarrhea. However, the virus causes respiratory tract infections like bronchitis in birds.
The most common types of animal Coronavirus are:
- Feline Coronavirus– it infects cats and is associated with high mortality.
- Canine Coronavirus
- Bovine Coronavirus – it infects cows, bulls, and buffalos, etc.
- Porcine Coronavirus – it infects pigs and other farm animals.
- Swine Acute Diarrhea Syndrome Coronavirus
- Mouse Hepatitis Virus
- Sialodacryoadenitis virus
- Turkey Coronavirus
- Ferret Systemic Coronavirus
- Rabbit Enteric Coronavirus
These coronaviruses are the most common. Apart from these, many other types of coronaviruses infect domestic animals, feline animals, and birds. Most of these types of Coronavirus are not harmful to humans. However, some of them can be dangerous. Most importantly, animals and birds are carriers for human Coronavirus.
Coronavirus | Infection in Humans
There are dozens of coronaviruses, but only 7 cause infectious diseases in human beings. Out of these 7, 4 are categorized as common human coronaviruses that are easily treatable. These Coronaviruses may cause the common cold, infection in your nose, sinuses, or upper throat. However, they are not dangerous and can be treated easily.
The remaining 3 coronavirus strains are more dangerous to humans; they are:
- The Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV)
- Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS CoV)
- 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV)
All three illnesses are viral respiratory infections in which patients developed features akin to common colds such as severe cough, fever, and shortness of breath. The MERS and SARS infections broke out in the Middle East and Asian countries in 2012 and 2003, respectively.
The New York Times and Washington Post reported that the MERS infection was first reported in Saudi Arabia in 2012 from where it spread to other countries, mostly in the middle east. The MERS virus has claimed the lives of almost 900 people since it began in 2012.
Similarly, the SARS infection was first identified in Asia in 2003. The Guardian revealed that the viral infection spread from person to person in more than two dozen countries in North America, South America, Europe, and Asia before the SARS global outbreak of 2003 was contained. 774 people died from SARS globally while thousands were infected.
How can we help? – Complete Medical Wellness is Ready to Serve its Community
Are you or a loved one exhibiting cold-like symptoms? If yes, then don’t panic. Visit the nearest medical facility of Complete Medical Wellness for a thorough and complete medical examination. There are only 5 individual cases of the Coronavirus in the USA, so chances are that the symptoms you are experiencing are easily treatable.
However, it is better to be safe than sorry. Therefore, immediately schedule an appointment with the board-certified, experienced, and trained medical specialists at Complete Medical Wellness.
At CMW, you will receive the following services:
- A complete and thorough examination from the best medical specialists in NY and NJ
- A medical facility that is equipped to deal with Coronavirus
- In-house diagnostics and laboratory services that will have your test results in hours.
- Attentive patient care
- Supportive staff
At CMW, our doctors will provide WHO-approved guidelines to help you and your loved ones remain safe from this deadly virus.